There are, however, several types of Psoriasis that differ in their causes and regions of abnormal skin cell growth. These types include:
– plaque psoriasis
– nails psoriasis
– Guttate psoriasis
– Pustular psoriasis
– Erythrodermic psoriasis
– Psoriatic arthritis
– Inverse psoriasis
Plaque psoriasis: Plaque psoriasis is the most common form of psoriasis that causes redness due to inflammation and Itchy silvery patches over skin found at specific parts of the body such as elbows, scalp, and knees.
Nails psoriasis: Fingernails and toenails are also susceptible to psoriasis, which can be identified by signs such as abnormal growth and discoloration of the nail. In worst conditions, it may lead to onycholysis, which involves the gradual loosening and separation of the nails from their nail bed.
Guttate psoriasis: Guttate psoriasis is a type of psoriasis that is initiated by bacteria infections such as streptococcus. It causes lesions or small pink patches over the skin of the neck, arms, or legs.
Pustular psoriasis: Pustular psoriasis is a type of psoriasis that can be characterized by its pus-filled lesions or blisters on the skin. The occurrence of this type of psoriasis is limited to some areas of the body that includes the palm of the hands and soles of the feet.
Erythrodermic psoriasis: Erythrodermic psoriasis is a severe kind of psoriasis that causes burning inflammation and Itchy lesions or patches over the body’s skin.
Psoriatic arthritis: Psoriatic arthritis is a type of psoriasis with natural symptoms of arthritis such as swollen and stiffness of joints. It could result in the total damage of one’s joint if it is not given immediate medical attention.
Inverse psoriasis: Inverse psoriasis is a severe type of psoriasis that is initiated by fungal infections to cause redness due to inflammation and Itchy patches that may deteriorate when exposed to sweats and frictions. They occur on some parts of the body that includes the skinfold of the genitals, armpits, groins, and breast.
These several types of Psoriasis can not be cured. Still, studies show that several treatment procedures can be implemented to harness the inflammation, lesions, drastic growth of skin cells, and scales. These treatment procedures may, however, be categorized into three groups that include topical treatments, light therapy, and the use of medications.
Topical treatments for psoriasis: Topical treatments involve the application of medications directly to the affected areas of the skin to relieve the patient from pains that originate from the affected area. There, however, several types of topical treatments for psoriasis, and they include steroid-based creams, prescription retinoid, coal-tar ointments and shampoos, salicylic acid ointments.
Steroid-based creams: Steroid-based creams are among the most effective topical treatments for psoriasis because they mitigate inflammation & the abnormal regeneration of skin cells and relieve Itchy. However, only mild preparation offers these benefits. On the contrary, concentrated preparation will cause side effects such as the burning and irritation of the skin.
Prescription retinoid: This type of prescription is not as effective as that of steroid but can also be used to treat psoriasis because they contain vitamin A. They may also cause a few side effects, such as dryness and irritation of the skin.
Salicylic acid ointments: Salicylic acid ointments smoothen the texture of the skin by removing the scales formed by psoriasis. It, however, comes with a side effect if you use it in large areas, such as skin irritation and hair loss.
Light therapy: In severe cases of psoriasis that can not be treated with the use of topical treatments, doctors usually recommend Phototherapy. However, there are several types of light therapy treatments that vary in effectiveness, the degree to which they offer one to skin cancer.
Ultraviolet B light (UB light): This type of light therapy involves the solitary use of a lightbox, which may be supplemented with other therapies like coal tar.
PUVA: This type of light therapy involves the combined efforts of psoralen drug and ultraviolet A light for the treatment of severe psoriasis. PUVA is the most effective of all light therapy, but it is seldom used because of the vast risk of skin cancer it causes.
The use of Medications for the treatment of psoriasis: A dermatologist or other health care specialists would recommend the use of oral or injectable medications if your type of psoriasis did not respond well to the other forms of treatments. These medications correct the abnormalities of the immune system, and they include:
Biologics: Biologics corrects autoimmune conditions by harnessing the body’s immune system response. Biologics drugs include brodalumab (siliq), certolizumab pegol (cimzia), tildrakizumab (ilumya), and eternacept (Enbrel). All of which are made from animal or human protein for the treatment of severe psoriasis. There is, however, a type of medication that treats psoriasis by suppressing the enzyme responsible for inflammation, such as apremilast (Otezla).
Methotrexate: This medication is very effective for the treatment of psoriasis, and in a few cases, doctors do recommend methotrexate to individuals with cancer. However, they come with side effects that demand medical attention; hence you will have to visit your doctor at intervals to run a few tests on your blood.
Psoriasis is a skin disease that can not be cured but can be harnessed via several treatment procedures such as topical treatments, oral or injectable medications, and light therapy. Psoriasis conditions may range from mild to severe, but it is always advisable to visit the doctor. If you notice that your psoriasis is becoming widespread, it causes joint problems, discomforts, and pains. Furthermore, you can treat mild to severe kinds of psoriasis using a few natural remedies such as Aloe Vera, Fish oils, and cayenne pepper.