Type 2 diabetes is a disorder that disrupts how the body uses glucose. It also affects how the body stores and processes other forms of energy. Its treatment ensures optimum insulin utilization to combat high blood glucose.
Type 1 diabetes, on the other hand, is a condition triggered by the inability of the pancreas to produce insulin. Patients with these conditions will need insulin in the form of injections to help ensure blood glucose is at acceptable levels.
Many treatments are available in Illinois for people struggling with type 1 or 2 diabetes. However, the treatment options vary depending on the individual needs.
Below are some of the best diabetes treatments in Illinois.
Insulin shots are some of the best treatment options for type 1 diabetes. The pancreas’ inability to produce sufficient insulin to break down glucose calls for its injection. While it’s common for people to use regular shots to inject insulin through the thighs, buttocks, or hands, there are also insulin pumps. The insulin pumps give the insulin injections on a set basis.
The injectable insulin can be rapid-acting, take effect minutes after injections, and last up to four hours. Regular shots also take effect after 30 minutes and can last up to 6 hours. Long-acting insulin injections take effect after one or two hours and last beyond 24 hours.
Drugs always stand out as some of the best diabetes treatments in Illinois for patients with type 2 diabetes. The drugs work by bringing blood sugar back to normal. Some medications increase insulin production in the pancreas to help break down blood glucose. Others work by decreasing sugar absorption by the intestines, while others work by reducing sugar production by the liver and improving insulin resistance.
Some commonly used drugs include metformin, which decreases glucose production and increases insulin sensitivity. Glipizide (sulfonylurea class) works by stimulating insulin secretion in the pancreas, which causes a decrease in blood glucose. Jardiance (SGLT2 class) is a preferred treatment for people with renal impairment as it reduces the risk of worsening kidney disease. The drug works by causing the execration of excess glucose.
Diabetes is often associated with weight issues. Therefore, for the best diabetes treatments in Illinois to work effectively, proper diet and exercise should always come into play. By eating well and moving more or being active, patients tend to reduce the amount of glucose in the blood.
Studies have shown that a proper diet leading to weight loss can send type diabetes into remission. In addition, physical activities help break down excess glucose in the body. Diet and exercise can also help control blood pressure and the body’s ability to respond to insulin.
Weight loss goes a long way in helping control blood sugar levels, cholesterol, and blood pressure. If you are overweight, a doctor will advise on shedding some weight, leading to better chronic illness management.
Bariatric surgery is one of the recommended weight loss surgery proving to be one of the best diabetes treatments in Illinois. The procedure involves reducing the stomach size, so one feels full sooner and thus eats less. The procedure is proving to be an effective treatment option helping put type 2 diabetes into remission.
While there is no cure for diabetes, management also depends on lifestyle habits. For example, studies have shown that stress can significantly increase blood sugar and make the body less sensitive to insulin. Therefore it is essential to avoid stress as part of the treatment process.
People are also advised against smoking as the habit can lead to severe complications from diabetes. Killing the habit leads to better control of blood sugar levels. Similarly, it is essential to cut back on alcohol as drinking can cause blood sugar levels to drop dangerously low. Alcohol causes the liver to work hard in removing it from the blood instead of regulating blood sugar.
If you are living with diabetes, you are not alone, and it is not a death sentence. The chronic condition might not have a cure, but several treatment options have made it easy for people to live comfortable lives.
The best diabetes treatments in Illinois are not limited to medications and insulin injections. Instead, lifestyle changes from diet and exercise help manage blood sugar levels in the body. Weight loss surgery may also come into play. However, when it comes to choosing treatment options, it all depends on individual needs and own goals.