Treatment often depends on the kind of diabetes one is grappling with at the time. For example, type 1 diabetes calls for more insulin-based therapies, given the inability of the pancreas to produce enough of it. In addition, patients with this condition must tailor their meals and physical activity to keep blood glucose in check.
For patients with type 2 diabetes, the body is essentially making too little insulin needed to break down glucose. The result is usually a spike in blood glucose levels. Treatments, in this case, focus on controlling the blood glucose levels to ensure it does not pass a given level.
Below are some of the best diabetes treatments in Ohio for managing and treating diabetes.
The lack of insulin production by the pancreas makes treating type 1 diabetes a daily task. The focus is always to ensure the body has a direct and consistent supply of insulin to keep the blood sugar levels in check.
Type 1 diabetes treatment requires daily insulin injections to offset what the pancreas cannot produce. Insulin injections are made with a needle and syringe and are grouped based on how fast they start to work and how long their effects last. Short-term insulin injections can take up to 30 minutes to start working and last up to four hours. Long-term insulin shots take up to two hours to reach the blood, with their effects lasting up to 24 hours.
In addition to taking insulin shots through a needle, insulin pumps are programmed to provide a steady stream of insulin throughout the day. There is also an inhaler designed to present insulin into the body through inhalation.
While insulin injections are the primary treatment option for type 1 diabetes, proper diet is also crucial to help keep blood sugar in check. Taking too many carbohydrates can result in a significant increase in blood glucose when vulnerable.
Physical exercise is also essential whenever the body cannot produce sufficient insulin to keep blood sugar in check. Exercises force the muscles to convert most of the glucose in the blood into energy, reducing its levels to acceptable levels.
Type 2 diabetes primarily affects adults, whereby the body cannot produce sufficient insulin to break down blood glucose. It might also be a result of the cells not responding to insulin. Oral medications cause the pancreas to produce insulin or the insulin to do its functions as expected. Medication is necessary whenever diet and physical activity are insufficient to bring blood glucose to acceptable levels.
Metformin is one of the best diabetes treatments in Ohio as part of the Biguanides group. The drug works by asking the liver to hang on to some glucose instead of releasing it into the blood. It also causes the liver to reduce glucose production. Meglitinides and sulfonylureas work by telling the pancreas to make more insulin needed to control blood sugar.
Jardiance (SGLT2 class) is another drug used to lower blood glucose when used alongside diet and exercise. It works by enhancing the excretion of excess glucose through urine. While also helping in reducing the risk of worsening kidney disease. On the other hand, some drugs work by regulating blood glucose levels by releasing insulin from the beta cells.
Weight Loss Surgery
In addition to medications, patients with type 2 diabetes can also turn to weight loss surgery to get rid of extra pounds. Bariatric surgery helps keep the stomach smaller so that one feels full sooner and eats less.
By reducing the amount of food intake, one can significantly control blood sugar. Weight loss surgery also triggers hormones that tell the pancreas to produce more insulin needed to control blood sugar. The procedure stands out as one of the best diabetes treatments in Ohio as, over time, it may cause one to take less medication to take diabetes into remission.
However, weight loss surgery is not for everyone. Doctors recommend it for men over 100 pounds and women with at least 80 extra pounds.
Taking medications and insulin injections are some of the best treatment regimens for diabetes. However, they are not the only ones for managing chronic illness. Weight loss and surgery also contribute to better control of blood glucose. The effectiveness of the best diabetes treatments in Ohio depends on diet and the ability to live an active life. Managing stress and getting enough sleep is also crucial.